It’s been a while since my last post about Thai Language. In December last year I stop my Thai course for my vacation to Indonesia and I haven’t learned Thai language nor learning it at home ever since. Now it’s time to sit and type the Thai lessons again 🙂
On day 8 and 9, we started learning numbers in Thai. Actually I started learning about Thai numbers in the first few weeks after we arrived in Chiang Mai. Knowing a little Thai language about numbers can help you to get the better price when shopping 🙂
There are 2 ways to ask “how much is the price” in Thai :
- thÃ¢wrÃ y (how much?) / raakhaa thÃ¢wrÃ y (How much the price ?)
- kÃ¬i bÃ at? (How many Baht?) (kÃ¬i + currency)
If you want to ask the price in another currency, you can ask kÃ¬i Dollar or KÃ¬i Rupiah (Indonesia Currency). But since we talk in Thai Language and we assume we ask in Thai currency, so we use kÃ¬i bÃ at.
money : Å‹É™n / sataaÅ‹ / taÅ‹
Other Question about money:
- Khun mii taÅ‹ mÃ¡y kh? ( Do you have money? )
- Khun mii taÅ‹ / Å‹É™n thÃ¢wrÃ y kh? (How much money do you have?)
- Khun mii taÅ‹ kÃ¬i bÃ at kh ? (How many Baht do you have?)
On the 7th day, we started to learn a little bit about past and future tense. We learned to ask about something that happened yesterday, something that happens today and something that will happen tomorrow by adding the adverbs of time in the sentences.
Ã»awans uun : the day before yesterday
Ã»awannÃi : yesterday
Ã»akh uunÃi : last night
- wannÃi : today
uunnÃi : tonight
- (wan)phrÃ»Å‹nÃi : tomorrow
uunphrÃ»Å‹nÃi : tomorrow night
uunnÃi : day after tomorrow
basically “wan” means day and kh
uun means night. To say something about the future we don’t have to use “wan”.
We can add the adverb of time to the sentences pattern we learned on previous day. For example, on 6th day, we learned this sentences :
Khun chÉ”É”p dÃ¹um kaafÉ›É› thÃ®i nay? (Where do you like to drink coffee?)
And if we add the adverb of time in the beginning of the sentences, we can have these examples :
- WannÃi Khun chÉ”É”p dÃ¹um kaafÉ›É› thÃ®i nay? (Where do you like to drink coffee today?)
- PhrÃ»Å‹nÃi Khun cÃ dÃ¹um kaafÉ›É› thÃ®i nay? (Where will you drink coffee tomorrow?)
Ã»awannÃi khun dÃ¹um kaafÉ›É› thÃ®i nay? (Where did you drink coffee yesterday?)
Usually, to say something that will happen in the future, we have to add ca that literally means will. We have to understand that Thai language grammar is not the same with English Grammar. Actually, Thai language has less grammar rule compared to English, and not every English grammar can be mapped to Thai Language Grammar (and vice versa).
This is the grammar pattern for the adverb of time :
- The activity is happen now : WannÃi + S + Verb + Object
- The activity will happen in the future : PhrÃ»Å‹nÃi + S + cÃ + Verb + Object
- The activity happened in the past : M
Ã»awannÃi + S + Verb + Object
To make a sentence question, just add the adverb of time in the beginning of the sentences.
New words we learned on day 7 :
- khÃ yciaw : scramble egg
- khaydaaw : sunny side egg
- khÃ¢awphat: fried rice
- khanÅmpang : bread
- kÃ p : with
- lÉ›Ì : and
- tÉ›Í€É› : or
Anyway, I admit, I became less consistent to write my day by day class. I will try to finish what I already started. Just be patient, ok!
On the 6th day, we learned more verbs, some beverages, and places.
Here are the words we learned :
- kin : eat
Ã¹um : drink
- chÉ”É”p : like >< mÃ¢y chÉ”É”p : don't like
Ç”u : buy
- khÇŽay : sell
- rian : learn / study
- sÌ€ÌÉ”É”n : teach
- pay thÃ®aw : go travel
- maa thÃ®aw : come travel
- tÃªn : dance
On the 5th day, we learned about “?ahÇŽan” (food). As usual we started with words we already learned before and then our teacher gave us new words. We start to combine the questions and made complex sentences.
We started with questions do you know…, do you think … is …, which one do you think more delicious … or … :
- Khun rÃºu cÃ k ?ahÇŽan thay mÃ¡y kh? ( Do you know Thai food ?)
- Khun khÃ¬t wÃ¢a ?ahÇŽan thay ?arÉ”Ì€É”y mÃ¡y kh? (Do you think Thai food is delicious? )
- Khun khÃ¬t wÃ¢a ?ahÇŽan thay ?Ã -rai ?arÉ”Ì€É”y lÉ›Ì ?Ã -rai mÃ¢y ?arÉ”Ì€É”y kh ? (Which Thai food do you think is delicious and which is not delicious ?)
- Khun khÃ¬t wÃ¢a ?ahÇŽan thay ?Ã -rai ?arÉ”Ì€É”y tÉ›É›Ì€ phÃ¨t kh ? (Which Thai food do you think is delicious but spicy ?)
On the 4th day, we learned more adjective words and asking questions using “chÃ¢y mÃ¡y kh?” (yes/no questions). We reviewed the previous lesson asking: do you know… and this time we change the person using place.
New words we learned on day 4 are
- bÃ¢an : home
- rooÅ‹rÉ›É›m : hotel
Ã¹k : building
- hÉ”É”Å‹ : room
- hÉ”É”Å‹-nÃ¡am : lavatory, toilet
- hÉ”É”Å‹-khrua : kitchen
- hÉ”É”Å‹-kinkhÃ¢aw : dining room
- hÉ”É”Å‹-samÃ¹t : library
Ç”u : study room
- hÉ”É”Å‹-thamÅ‹aan : working room
- hÉ”É”Å‹-naÅ‹ lÃªn : living room
- hÉ”É”Å‹-nÉ”É”n : bed room
On the 3rd day we learned new adjective words, and ask questions using : mÃ¡y? like in sÃ -baay dii mÃ¡y kh?. It seems our teacher forgot to check our homework, but I think it’s okay, because practicing the 5 tones is something that we will use a long the way.
Our teacher bring some pictures of famous people (actor / actress, singer or politician). Then she starts with question to check whether we know that person or not. After that, she asked whether that person is beautiful or handsome, tall, short, rich, poor, generous or friendly. And if we don’t know we can say : I don’t know or just say what we think.
For example I will use name James Bond, you can change the name with other names and even name of places
Q : Khun rÃºu cÃ k James Bond mÃ¡y kh? (Do you know James Bond?)
A1 : â™€/ â™‚ rÃºu cÃ k James Bond kh (I know James Bond)
A2 : â™€/ â™‚ mÃ¢y rÃºu cÃ k James Bond kh (I don’t know James Bond) Continue reading