AUA – Day 2

Our lesson on the 2nd day started by practice greetings and question and answers using “?à-rai”. After that, we learned about the basic things we should know for the rest of the term.

We learned about:

  • 21 initial sounds from the 44 consonants in thai alphabet
  • 9 short and 9 long vowels
  • 5 open ending / sonorant finals and 3 close ending / stop finals
  • 5 different tones
  • some daily expressions

The teacher explained how to produce each sound. The explanation is similar to the sites that I link above. I’ll write a few notes from my class:

Initial sounds from consonants

There are 4 groups of initial sounds, based on how you pronounce it and associated with words we learned before:

  1. the sounds produced to outside the mouth: h as in phŏm, ph as in phûut, th as in thay, kh as in khun, ch as in chûu
  2. the sounds produced to inside the mouth: ? (standalone: eh, in word: silent) as in ?à-rai, p/bp as in pen , t/dt as in Sà-wàt dii , k as in naamsakun, c/j as in caak
  3. the sounds produced go deep to the stomach: m as in maa, b as in sà–baay
  4. , d as in dii, y, s as in sà-baay, n, r, l, w, f

  5. the sounds produced up to the nose: ŋ (from ng) as in muaŋ


For the complete vowels, please go to this site (you even can hear the sample sound).
Special note :

  • u, try to say u with a smile
  • É” , as in caught or court , like saying o with open mouth wider
  • É›, as in cat, like saying e with mouth open wider
  • ǝ, try to say o with a smile


I didn’t have special notes on this part, just visit the link above 🙂


This is the hardest part of learning Thai (at least for me). There are only 5 tones and if you say the word correctly but without the correct tone, then Thai people won’t understand. I don’t know how to write the explanation without giving the sound example. I’ll just write the five tone in Thai language :

  • Mid Tone : the voice is flat around your adam apple (example : maa – come )
  • Low Tone : the voice is under your adam apple (example : mài – new )
  • Falling Tone : the voice is from above adam apple and drop to below adam apple (example : mâi – no )
  • High Tone: the voice is above your adam apple, and drop a little bit but still above your adam apple (example : mái – silk )
  • Rising Tone : the voice start from below adam apple go up above adam apple(example : mÇŽi – wood )

Daily Expressions

  • Thank you: kh̀ɔɔp khun kh
  • Sorry : kh̀ɔɔthôot kh
  • Nevermind : mây pen ray kh
  • I dont understand:♀/♂ mây khâwcay kh
  • please say it again: phûut ?ìik thii kh
  • please speak slowly: phûut cháa cháa kh
  • I can speak Thai a little bit : ♀/♂ phûut phaasÇŽathay dây nítnɔɔy kh
  • no, thank you: mây aw kh. kh̀ɔɔp khun kh
  • see you again: phópkan mày kh

Before the class ended, the teacher gave us another homework to practice the 5 tones at home.


A blogger who likes to watch Korean dramas and learn about digital desain with Canva and video editing using Kinemaster.

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